Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) contains high levels of biologically active phytoecdysteroids, which have been implicated in plant defense from insects, and have shown a range of beneficial pharmacological effects in mammals. We demonstrated that the most prevalent phytoecdysteroid, 20-hydroxyecdysone (20HE), was secreted (leached) from intact quinoa seeds into water during the initial stages of seed germination. Leaching efficiency was optimized by ethanol concentration (70% ethanol), temperature (80°C), time (4h), and solvent ratio (5 ml/g seed). When compared to extraction of macerated seeds, the leaching procedure released essentially all the 20HE available in the seeds (491 μg/g seed). The optimized quinoa leachate (QL), containing % 20HE, % total phytoecdysteroids, % flavonoid glycosides, % oil, and % protein, significantly lowered fasting blood glucose in obese, hyperglycemic mice. Leaching effectively releases and concentrates bioactive phytochemicals from quinoa seeds, providing an efficient means to produce a food-grade mixture that may be useful for anti-diabetic applications.
Topping our who's who list of post-workout foods is chocolate milk , but not just any old chocolate milk, we're talking about the pre-formulated, protein-fortified, low-fat, great-tasting kind like Rockin' Refuel (also available in strawberry and vanilla, for the chocolate-averse gym rats). With 48 grams of carbs and 20 grams of whey protein, Rockin’ Refuel delivers the perfect ratio of carbs to protein, along with electrolytes and some other essential vitamins and minerals. Although making your own recovery drink is preferred by some guys, the convenience of having an all-in-one sports recovery drink handy after your workout simply can't be beat.